Nikolai Starostin: The Cost of Defying Beria

Jun 5, 2020

Life Stories

Nikolai Starostin

Beginnings

Nikolai Petrovich Starostin was born near Moscow in 1902. He was from a middle-class background, but times were hard after his father died. Nikolai used his talents in football and ice-hockey to support his family. From 1921 he was an organiser of the Moscow Sports Circle. In 1934, Starostin was backed by Komsomol (Communist Youth). The MSC was now Spartak Moscow, a rival to CSKA Moscow (the army team) and Dynamo Moscow (run by Lavrentiy Beria, head of the secret police).

Dangerous Conflict with Beria

In the late 1930s, the rivalry between Spartak and Dynamo was bitter. Part of this was personal; Beria had played against Starostin and hated him for being a far better player. Spartak won the league and cup double in 1938 and 1939; this put Starostin in danger from Stalin’s purges, which were orchestrated by Beria. In 1942, Starostin and his brothers were arrested, charged with plotting to kill Stalin. Nikolai was sentenced to ten years in a labour camp. This may have saved his life; being a prisoner in the Gulag meant he could not be a soldier at the front.

Soviet Hero Again

In 1948, Starostin was freed on the orders of Vasily Stalin. Beria dared not openly clash with Stalin’s son but continued to threaten Starostin, who chose to accept exile in faraway Kazakhstan. He was finally safe in 1953 when Stalin died and Beria was executed. Nikolai was rehabilitated, as coach of the national team. In 1989 his memoirs, Football Through the Years, told his story. He was awarded the Order of Lenin. Nikolai Starostin died in 1996, 43 years after Lavrentiy Pavlovich Beria.

Thinking points

Nikolai Starostin lived through the entire history of the Soviet Union; he was born in Imperial Russia and died a citizen of the Russian Federation. His sporting career made him a new hero of Soviet Football, but also an enemy of Stalin’s feared secret police chief, LP Beria. Starostin spent years in labour camps and exile; he might well have been one of the millions who disappeared forever in Stalin’s purges.

Educators could look at the life story of Nikolai Starostin and work with young people to consider these questions:

  1. What does Starostin’s life tell us about football, propaganda, and repression in a dictatorship?

Find out more

The story illustrated above is told in more details at this BBC report and on the popular football website These Football Times.

COVER Image

Statue of Nikolai Starostin in the Otkrytie Arena (Photo: Дмитрий Садовников, Wikimedia Commons)

Statue of Nikolai Starostin in the Otkrytie Arena (Photo: Дмитрий Садовников, Wikimedia Commons).

Life Story

Nikolai Starostin sporting career made him a new hero of Soviet Football, but also came in conflict with Stalin secret police.

3

Article Tags:   Cold War  |   politics  |   remembrance  |   totalitarianism

Do you wanna know more?

HISTORY CAN BE EXPLORED THROUGH THE LIVES OF INDIVIDUALS

Stories

Browse our collection of stories about football history and inclusion. With the history of football being made up of millions of stories, of individuals and communities, of movements and processes, we offer stories that can inspire our cultural conversations today.

Videos

Get to know untold stories where individuals are making history with football. When faced with insurmountable challenges, individuals past and present can use football as a cultural force to foster positive change in society. We honour these individuals and tell their ‘untold’ stories in short videos.

Educational Resources

Explore our innovative educational resources that use football’s history, heritage and legacy to engage young people. The resources include ready-made lesson plans and historical source collections for school history education as well as toolkit with activities for non-formal settings.

Trending Stories

The Climb to Equality

The Climb to Equality

Football Makes History spoke with Laura Youngson, co-founder of Equal Playing Field and co-owner of the world record for highest altitude official football match ever played. This is the story of why we wanted to retell this story, and how we did it....

LATEST POST  You may also be interested in

Playing the game for peace

Playing the game for peace

On this day, 21 September, we look at how playing a game of football can contribute to peace by looking at the work of the NGO Childrens Football Alliance.

September in Football

September in Football

As the UEFA 2020 European Championships got pushed ahead one year, we provide you with a 365-day #onthisday series of posts to help all fans out there to go back in time, think, and reflect.

Football speaking out in perspective

Football speaking out in perspective

Football represents a large cultural space in society. It is not isolated from political developments. How have football players used this space to achieve their social goals?

August in Football

August in Football

As the UEFA 2020 European Championships got pushed ahead one year, the team of Football Makes History will provide you with a 365-day #onthisday series of posts to help all fans out there to go back in time, think, and reflect.

Share This