Justinus Soni Fashanu was born in London in 1961. His father was a lawyer from Nigeria; his mother was a nurse from British Guyana. His parents split up when he was a little boy. Justin and his brother were brought up by foster parents in Norfolk. Justin showed ability in boxing and in football. He joined Norwich City in 1978 and scored 40 goals in 103 games.
The Million Pound problem
Justin Fashanu seemed on the way to the top when he joined Nottingham Forest for £1 million in 1981. Under Brian Clough, Forest had won two league titles and two European Cups. But Clough was a socially conservative manager, intolerant of a player who visited gay bars. Fashanu played only 12 games before being sold to Southampton. This began a sad decline; short spells at clubs in England, the USA and Canada. His career was finally ruined by a serious knee injury in 1988.
In October 1990, Justin Fashanu sold his story to the British tabloid newspaper, The Sun. Its headline was: ’’£1 million Football star: I am Gay’’. This made him famous but did not bring him peace. His football career was over. Relations with his brother were difficult. Justin moved to the United States. In 1998 he was arrested after a 17-year-old accused him of sexual assault. Justin went back to England where he took his own life. The sad story has also inspired grassroots organisers to campaign against homophobia with The Justin Campaign, which even included a grassroots team called The Justin Fashanu All-Stars.
In 1981, aged 20, Justin Fashanu was the first black footballer to be transferred for £1 million. In 1990, Justin Fashanu was the first high-level footballer to “come out” as a gay man. The Justin Fashanu Foundation states: “It is a sad reflection of the continuing issues that surround professional football that twenty years after Justin’s death there is not a single openly gay footballer in the Premier League.”
Educators could look at the life story of Justin Fashanu and work with young people to consider these questions:
- What does the tragic story of Justin Fashanu tell us about the pressures of fame and prejudice on a talented young black footballer?
- How does the men’s football world deal with homosexuality?
Justin Fashanu during a game between Notts County FC and Grantham in early 1980s (Alan Feebery, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0).
LIFE STORIES To discover now
Do you wanna know more?
HISTORY CAN BE EXPLORED THROUGH THE LIVES OF INDIVIDUALS
Browse our collection of stories about football history and inclusion. With the history of football being made up of millions of stories, of individuals and communities, of movements and processes, we offer stories that can inspire our cultural conversations today.
Get to know untold stories where individuals are making history with football. When faced with insurmountable challenges, individuals past and present can use football as a cultural force to foster positive change in society. We honour these individuals and tell their ‘untold’ stories in short videos.
Explore our innovative educational resources that use football’s history, heritage and legacy to engage young people. The resources include ready-made lesson plans and historical source collections for school history education as well as toolkit with activities for non-formal settings.
In the wake of the 2015 migration peak, activists and volunteers across Europe have been involved in supporting refugees, sometimes with the simple act of offering space and friendship to participate in football through grassroots clubs to help newcomers integrate.
Fergus Sutter was one of the first (semi)professional footballers, playing against aristocratic players. A story of origins.
LATEST POST You may also be interested in
Although there have only been ten female referees in the top leagues of men’s football in Europe over the last 30 years, seven of them are currently active.
Where are the women’s football quartet cards?
Teaching students about the causes of football hooliganism through the analysis of case studies and development of potential solutions.
What moments in football history have we highlighted in the last month? How do they provide us with historical mirrors to the present?
On this day in 1981 a game that never happened took place. Or: How can counterfactual history help us shift perspectives?